After a quite interesting discussion about refuting God existence in terms of how he is created, it is time to shift a bit to talk about his creations. Usually, the discussion about evil, hell, and free will serves a separate post in most of debunking the existence of God discussion. However, I’m going to squeeze them into one post since these three things are interconnected to the argument that I will present and also free will is the kind of argument that most theist like to use in justifying why God allows evil in this world. So, I might also want to refute that part of argument.
So, let’s start with how God is defined by human beings. I’m asserting how God is defined from three big religions which are Christian, Islam, and Judaism since they have quite a similar agreement in defining their Gods. It is also I’m quite aware of these religions more than others that I have taken a special announcement that I will make my counter arguments based on the claims of these three religions.
A God by definition has to be omnipotent. He has the power to make everything that he will to come into existence. Let’s forget the argument how this come into possibility and accept that God has indeed the resource to do so. Then, God is all-knowing. Nothing or nobody could get slip from his attention. He is the ultimate justice who watch people and bring consequences to their actions. God can’t be fooled since he knows everything about his creation. And lastly, God is benevolence. He loves his creation by giving them blessing upon the earth. He is the provider of sustainable life and he is merciful to his creation who seeks for his love. He promises heaven and guarantees it for whoever believes in him and righteous in his life.
Now, that we grasp what God is and his traits, let’s observe a particular aspect that exists in human’s life, “Evil”. We have no doubt that evil exist in this world. We know that by looking at news of how people get murdered, raped, tortured by other people. This is our deduction to assert that evil does exist in this world. So, what’s God action to justify this? A proponent argument says that God bring disaster to those who do evil. This argument can be confirmed in one of the holy book’s verse depicting how God bring forth flood, fire, and typhoon to those who did evil.
However, I find this argument to be biased. Take an earthquake for example. Why does God’s wrath exists only to those countries which are in the volcano mountains belt zone? I never seen Amsterdam got struck by God’s wrath up until now. If you know, that city legalizes pot-smoking and prostitution. Furthermore, why God has to decide to use a natural disaster to wipe out an entire nation which probably also contains people who are also faithful. If he has the power, why can’t he bring justice to those who are wicked only? This argument brings God to be impotent since he can’t punish the wicked using his divine power, or he is malevolent by letting some evils unpunished.
Another argument that calls for God’s justification is the existence of Hell. Sure, God doesn’t punish the evils in his lifetime, but there will be hell waiting for him in the afterlife as the consequence of his evil deeds. This, however, poses a new complication in God’s traits. First of all, the concept of torture in the fiery blaze in hell, makes God seems so cruel. Just read the holy book and you will get the details of how you will be treated in hell if you ever go to one. This seems very contradicting to God’s command not to torture while no himself has the benefit of torturing people. Let’s not forget that whatever good deeds you have done in your lifetime but ultimately in the end you don’t believe in God, you are entitled to be the dwellers of hell, which to my opinion seems an unfair decision. Furthermore, the notion that you have to undergo an eternal life of punishment for your evil deeds is the very definision of injustice. Because, human life is finite and therefore the number of crimes they commited are also finite. thus, it is not proportionally justice to the amount of punishment he will receive in hell.
Then comes along the issue of free will. Theists like to rebute that God allows evil to exist because He respects free will. He doesn’t want to instill to humans that they have to obey God and make them do so forcefully. However, this contradicts the God’s very trait of all-knowing. If God knows everything about his creation, then by default he has the knowledge of human’s past, present, and future. Therefore, God has already set the destiny of humans whether he will go to heaven or he will go to hell. This is not the basic understanding of free will since God has already know which place you will end up anyway. It’s either that, or you have to admit that God isn’t that all-knowing.